Feeling safe is one of the most basic needs
of all individuals in society, whether they have special needs or not.
Individuals with special needs may encounter various hazards such as
earthquakes, floods, fires, accidents and minor injuries in their daily life at
home, school, parks, shopping malls, avenues and streets. In order to be
protected from these dangers that they may encounter in daily life, they need
to have some basic safety skills.
Disasters such as floods can exacerbate
social inequalities in health and housing. However, the devastations that occur
as a result of flooding may cause problems such as access to shelter and
healthy food to be seen more prominently for individuals with intellectual
disabilities and autism. Dealing with a sudden surge of water is quite
difficult for anyone, but this situation can become even more worrisome for
individuals with intellectual disabilities and autism.
Teaching with a video model involves
showing a video of a model demonstrating a skill, whether it's himself or
another person, to individuals with intellectual disabilities or autism. The
child or teenager is then asked to perform the steps shown in the video.
Teaching with the video model was effective in teaching safety skills, speaking
skills, professional skills, game and daily life skills. Research shows that
video modeling enables faster acquisition and generalization of skills.
They are short stories written in a
specific format to teach social skills to individuals with intellectual
disability or autism, presenting social information in a direct and
easy-to-understand way. In addition to social skills, social stories are also
used in teaching security skills such as protection from abduction attempts by
strangers, protection from sexual harassment and coping with mockery.