Feeling safe is one of the most basic needs of all individuals in society, whether they have special needs or not. Individuals with special needs may encounter various hazards such as earthquakes, floods, fires, accidents and minor injuries in their daily life at home, school, parks, shopping malls, avenues and streets. In order to be protected from these dangers that they may encounter in daily life, they need to have some basic safety skills.
Individuals with intellectual disabilities and autism may experience problems such as possible fires that may occur at home, noticing a dangerous situation, protection and getting away from a dangerous environment, and asking for help from other people. It is very important to teach basic firefighting behaviors in order to ensure the safety of these individuals.
Teaching with a video model involves showing a video of a model demonstrating a skill, whether it's himself or another person, to individuals with intellectual disabilities or autism. The child or teenager is then asked to perform the steps shown in the video. Teaching with the video model was effective in teaching safety skills, speaking skills, professional skills, game and daily life skills. Research shows that video modeling enables faster acquisition and generalization of skills.
They are short stories written in a specific format to teach social skills to individuals with intellectual disability or autism, presenting social information in a direct and easy-to-understand way. In addition to social skills, social stories are also used in teaching security skills such as protection from abduction attempts by strangers, protection from sexual harassment and coping with mockery.